Japanese made easy!


    This is my Japanese translation sheet that I have been working on for over 5 years now. It consists of all the words I know. It has over 1,000 words. I am very proud :D I will update the list when I'm not too lazy to add new learned words..



You can use it for reference… But don’t take credit for it!

Last updated: 6-11-08


Hi   -^__^-   WOOT!


Japanese translation sheet A-Z!

(No “L”, “Q”, “X” or “V”)




Aa = Yes (informal) 

Abunai = Dangerous, critical, grave,

Ageru- To give 

Ai – Love 

Aibou - Partner, accomplice, companion.

 Afureru - To flood, to overflow, to brim over


Aikawarazu – As usual

Ai Shiteru = I love you (romantic love) “to know love”

Aisatsu – Greeting, salutation

Aitai (kata) – I wanted to see you.

Aiyamaru – Apologize

Akachan – Baby, infant

Aka(i) – Red

Akarui – Bright, cheerful

Amari - Not very, not much, remainder, rest, remnant

Akemashite - omedetou - gozaimasu = Happy New Year

Akeru - To open

Aki – Autumn, fall

Akirameru - To give up, to abandon

Amerika = America

Amerikajin =American (person)

Anata = Formal "you", ("beloved, or dearest" if used between a married couple)

Aneki = Sister

Aneue = Older sister

Aniki = Brother, one's senior

Aniue = Older brother

Anou = Umm…

Anshin = relief, peace of mind, be at peace, don’t worry           

Ara/are = "Huh?”

Are = "That [over there]" (not near either person)

Arie nai– Not possible

Arigato = Thank you (informal).

Arigato gozaimasu = Thank you very much (formal)

Aruki/ku – To walk 

Asa - Morning

Asagohan =Breakfast

Asappara - In the early morning

Ashi = Leg, foot

Ashita – Tomorrow

Asobu – To play, to visit

Asoko = [over] There

Atama = head             

Atari - Hit, success, reaching the mark, par

Atashi = Informal female "I"

Atarashii – New

Atarimae- Obviously, naturally 

Ato = later, after

Au – To meet, to encounter [“aitai” – (I) want to meet (him/her)]



Baai – Case, Situation, “Kono baai ja nai”   “This is no time to…”

Bacchiri - Perfectly, properly, right on the mark

Bakaga = Impossible

Bakanisuru – To make fun of

Bakari - Just, only, merely, nothing but

Bakemono = Monster

Bangohan = Dinner

Banzai- “hurray!”

Batsu – Punishment

Ben - Speech, dialect               “Oosaka ben” Osaka dialect

Bento = Boxed lunch

Bare da – Found out, busted

Basho – Place, location

Betsu -Different

Betsuni = Nothing, not really, not particularly. (Negative phrase)

Bi – Beauty

Bijin = Beautiful woman

Bikkuri – To be surprised, to be amazed, to be frightened “bikkurishita”

Binbou – Poverty, poor destitute

Boku = "I" for male youth

Boroboro - Worn out, beat up.

Boushi – Hat

Buji – Safe, alright, at peace

Buki - Weapon

Bun – Share, part, portion

Busai/Busu – ugly (Very rude)

Buta – pig

Byou – A second (as in time)

Byouki – Sickness, illness


Chan = Suffix for familiar person, It’s a term to address good friends. (Informal)

Chanto – Perfectly, properly, exactly

Chi = Blood

Chibi = Runt, dwarf, little

Chichi (ue) = Father

Chigau = Different, wrong

Chiisai/Chiisana - Small

Chikai - Near, close by, short

Chikaku - Near, neighborhood, vicinity

Chikara = Strength, power

Chikoku – Tardy, tardiness, being late, lateness.  

Chikyuu = Earth (planet)

Chizu - Map

Chotto = A little, a short time, a bit

Chotto matte = "Wait a minute!" “Wait a bit”  

Chou – Butterfly

Chou - super-, ultra-, hyper-

Chuugakkou - Middle school, junior high school

Chuugaku-sei- Middle school student, junior high school student


Dai – Large, big

Daigaku = College

Daiji- Important, valuable

Daijini – “Take are of yourself”<--- (greeting) To treasure, to take care of.

Daijoubu = All right, O.K., Don’t worry, I'm okay, I'll be all right, etc.

Dakara = So, therefore

Dake – Only, just

Dakishimeru - To hug someone close, to hold someone tight

Dame = Bad, useless, no good, hopeless,

Damaru = To be still, or silent. Damare! = "Shut up! /Silence!"

Damasu = To trick, to cheat, to deceive.

Dan – Group, team, brigade

Danna - Master, husband

Dattara – If that’s the case, if so then…

Dare = Who (“donata” is formal)

Deau - To meet, to encounter, to run across

De gozaimasu – Is used at the end of a sentence in place of desu.

Dekai – Huge

Dekakeru – To depart, “gone out for a while”

Demo = However, but

Denki – electricity, light

Densetsu = Legend, legendary

Densha - Electric train

Deru, dete - To leave

Deshita = "Was/were”

Desu = Is/are/am, the verb “to be”

Denwa bango wa nan desu ka = What is your telephone number?     

Dewa arimasen, ja arimasen = "Isn't/aren't"

Dewa arimasen deshita, ja arimasen deshita = "Wasn't, weren't"

Doite –Move      “Doke” - move!

Doji – Clumsiness, clumsy

Doki-doki - A heartbeat

Doko = Where

Dokyou - Courage, bravery, nerve, guts

Domo arigatou gozaimasu = Thank you (most formal)

Dono – A suffix that is a step above “San”, in respect; but not as respectful as “Sama”

Dorobou - Thief

Dou – How, in what way

Doubutsu – Animal

Dou itashimashite = Your welcome

Doushite = Why?

Doushitemo – No matter what, by all/any means, at any cost

Douzo = Feel free, go ahead, please (giving permission)

Douzo yoroshiku = Please treat me favorably (well)

Doyoubi = "Saturday" (the day of Saturn, "Dosei", planet of the soil)



Ee – Yes (informal)

E - Picture, drawing, painting, sketch

Ebi - Lobster, shrimp

Eeto... = "Um..." or "erm...”

Egao – Smile

Eien –Eternity, forever

Eiga - Movie, film

Eigo = English (language)

Engeki - Play (theatrical)

Engi - Acting, performance, drama, play

Enryo - restraint, reserve, hold back

Erasoni – Bossy, acting high and mighty

Erabu – To choose “Erabi” – chosen

Erai – great, celebrated


Fuan - anxious, uneasy, nerves

Fue- Pipe, flute

Fukai – Deep, thick

Furareru - To dump your boyfriend of girlfriend “furareda” I was dumped

Furigana – Small hiragana above kanji

Furo = Bath

Fushigi = Mysterious

Futari - Two people, pair, couple

Futaritomo – Both (people)

Futon - Japanese style bedding

Futsuu - Normally, ordinarily, usually

Fuu - Method, manner, way

Fuuin – Seal, sealed

Fuyu – Winter  


Gaijin = Foreigner

Gaki = Young, immature person.

Gakkari – To feel disappointed, to lose heart

Gakkou = School

Gakusei = Student

Gaman - Patience, endurance, perseverance, tolerance

Ganbatte ne, ganbaru = To persist, to insist on, to stand firm “Do your best!”

Geki – Play, drama

Genjitsu – Reality

Genkai – Limit

Genkan – Japanese entranceway, entry hall

Genki = Energy, Health(y), robust, vigor, vitality.

Genki da = “Cheer up!”, “be well”, “take care”, etc.

Genki desu-ka = How are you?  Are you doing well?

Getsuyoubi = Monday (the day of the Moon)

Ginkou - Bank

Girigiri - At the last moment, just barely

_____-go = "_____ language”

Gochisou – Feast, or (treating someone to food)

Gochisousama! = I'm finished! Thank you for the meal. ”It was a feast!”

Gochisou suru – I’ll treat you to a meal

Gokai – Misunderstanding

Gokaku – You pass; equality, evenness, par, good match

Gokigen(yo) –Pleasant, “Have a pleasant day” (Formal)

Gomen Kudasai – Said when entering a house when you don’t see anyone there.

Gomen-nasai = I’m sorry

Gomi – Trash, Garbage           

Guai – Condition, “duai dou desu ka” means, how’s your condition (physical)

Guzuguzu – Slowly, dawdling



Ha = Teeth

Hakase – Professor (w/ doctorate, PhD)

Hakkiri – Clearly, bluntly

Hako – Box                

Hashi – Chopsticks or bridge

Hashiru – To run

Haha (ue) = Mother

Hai = Yes (formal)

Hairu – To enter, to break into, to join, to enroll

Hajime = Beginning, start, the first time

Hajimemashite = Nice to meet you (for the first time)

Han – half          Ichiji han” 1:30. Half past one O’clock

HanA suffix that is equal in value as “San”, used mostly in Kyoto. 

Hanbun = Half of a portion.

Hana = Flower, nose

Hanabi – Fireworks    

Hanami - Cherry-blossom viewing, flower viewing

Hanashi = News, account, story

Hanatsu = to free, to release    Hanase = "release me!" or "let me go!" (command)

Hanasu = To speak, to talk

Hannin - Offender, criminal

Hantai - Opposition, resistance

Happyou - Announcement, publication

Hara – Stomach

Haru –Spring

Hastukoi - Puppy love, first love

Hatsumimi - Something heard for the first time

Hayai = Quick, fast, swift, early.     Hayaku = Early, "hurry up" or "quickly" (command)

Hazu – It should be so

Hazukashii – Embarrassed, shy, ashamed

Hebi = Snake, serpent

Heiki – Fine, ok

Heian – Peace, peaceful

Hen = Weird, strange

Hen - Area, vicinity

Henji - Reply, answer 

Henshin = Transform, change

Heta – unskillful, poor (of skill)

Hetakuso – lousy, bad quality, unskilled

Hi = Day, fire, sun

Hidari – Left

Hidarigawa – Left hand side

Hidoi = severe, mean, cruel, harsh.

Hikari = Light, (glare, gleam, ray)

Hima - Free time, spare time

Himitsu – Secret

Hime(sama) = Princess

Hiragana – Japanese symbols used to write Japanese originated words with.

Hiroi – Spacious, vast, wide.               

Hirugohan = Lunch

Hiyasu/Hiyase- To cool, to cool off, to refrigerate

Hito – person

Hitori – One person, alone, unmarried

Hitori-bocchi – All alone, lonely, solitude       

Hitori-kko – Only child  

Hitotsu – one

Hitsuji – Sheep, lamb

Hitsuyou - Need, needed necessity     

Hitsuji = Sheep

Hiza – knee, lap          

Hoka – Other, else 

Homeru - To praise, to admire, to speak well of, to compliment

Hondana – Book shelf

Hone – Bone

Honki – Serious

Honmono – Authentic, genuine, “the real thing”

Honno - Slightly, faintly          honno sukoshi” - Just a little

Honoo - Flame, blaze

Hontou = Reality, really           

Horeru - To fall in love, to be in love

Hoshi- Star

Hoshii - Wanted, wished for, in need of, desired

Houhou – Way, method, means

Hyotto, hyottoshite - Possibly, accidentally, could it be, by any chance.



= #1, first, the best, favorite, etc.

Ichi nen sei – First year student

Ii = Good

Iie = No

Ijiwaru – “meanie” (person), Ijiwarui (object)

Iikagen – Right “iikagen ni shiro” means “act right/proper”

Ii kimi! – Serves you right! You got what you deserved!

Ika nakucha - I have to go.

Ikenai = Oh no! Must not do, don’t do it.

Iki – Breath

Ikinari - Abruptly, suddenly, all of a sudden

Ikiru – To live

Iku, ikuzo, ikimashou, ikou, iki = To go, "let's go", Shall we go? , let’s go.

Ikura – How much

Ima = Now

Imasara - Now, at this late hour 

Imi – Meaning

Imouto = younger sister

Inochi = Life.

Inori – Prayer, supplication

Inu = Dog, dogs say “wan wan

Iranai – I don’t want it, I don’t need it.

Iro – Color

Iro iro – Various things

Irrashaimase! = Welcome!

Iru – present, presence “Dare ka Iru?” (Who is there?). Formal is “imasu”

Ishi – Will

Issho – With, together

Isshoukenmei - Eagerly, with utmost effort, very hard

Istumo = Always, constantly, ever, etc

Itachi = Wease

Itadakimasu = “Let's eat!” (Formal) [A saying before you eat] Literally - to receive

Itadaku - To receive, to take food or drink

Itai = ouch!

Itami – Pain

Itoko – cousin

Itsu = When

Itsudemo – Anytime

Ittai – What in the world.

Itte-kimasu = "I'm taking off!" or "I'm leaving now!”

Ittekuru – I go, I come

Isoide- in a hurry, hasten; ”hurry up” “with haste”

Isu – Chair

Iu – To say

Iwa nai – “I won’t say it”


Jama – Hindrance, in the way.

-Janai/-nai = a suffix, makes a word negative

Ja ne = Cya later

Janken = "Rock, paper, scissors”, the complete phrase is "Janken, Pon!"

Jibun = Self, yourself

Jigoku – Hell

Jiji - Grandfather, old man

Jiko - Accident, incident, trouble, circumstances

Jujitsu - Fact, truth, reality

Jikan - Time    (Ji – Hour)

-jin = "[country] person"    Amerika –jin (American person)

Jinsei - This world, life

Jishin – Confidence

Jishin - earthquake

Jishin- Ones self, personally  

Jitensha – bicycle

Jitsu wa = "Actually..." 

Josei – Woman, lady

Joudan - Joke

Joudan janai ="This is no joke!" or "you've got to be kidding!” etc.

Joudeki – Good performance

Jouhou – Information

Joukyou - Circumstances, situation

Jouken - Conditions, terms

Jouzu – Very good (best)

Joou-sama – Queen

Jugyou - Lesson, class work

Junbi - Preparation, arrangements, provision, reserve

Juubun - Plenty, enough, sufficient, satisfactory



Kaban - Bag, briefcase

Kaeru – To come back, to return, to go back

Kagami - Mirror

Kage – Shadow

Kaieru – Frog, frogs say “kero kero

Kaijuu – Monster

Kaimashita/ Kaimono- Shopping

Kaite – write    “kaku” – to write

Kakkoii! = "Cool!” handsome

Kako - the past

Kakugo - Readiness, preparedness

Kakurenbo(u) – Hide and seek (Game)

Kakureru - To hide, to be hidden, to conceal oneself

Kamaimasen, kamawanai – It doesn’t matter

Kamau - To mind, to care about, to be concerned about (kamaimasen) - I don’t mind.

Kamen – Mask

Kami = God Sama

Kami - Hair

Kami - Paper

Kamo/ kamoshitenai – Maybe

Kanaeru - To grant (request, wish)

Kanarazu – Diffidently

Kangaeru – To Think, thoughts, ideas

Kanji – Characters used in Japanese writing that are very complex, and often constructed with many strokes.  There are over 5,000 kanji.  Kanji originated in China.

Kanjiru - to feel, to sense

Kankei – Relation, connection     “kankei nai” = “Nothing to do with (me)”

Kakkou - Shape, form, posture

Kana - Japanese writing style consisting of “Hiragana” and “katakana”

Kanben - Pardon, forgiveness, forbearance

Kanben-shite (kure) – “Give me a break”  (slang?)

Kanbyou - Nursing (a patient)

Kanchigai - Misunderstanding, wrong guess

Kangeki - Deep emotion, impression, inspiration, touching

Kani – Crab

Kanojo - Girl friend

Kanousei - Potentiality, likelihood, possibility

Kanpai – “cheers!” (A toast)

Kansei - Complete, completion

Kanzen - perfection, completeness

Kao – face

Kaori - Fragrance, nice smell

Karada - Body, health

Karai – Spicy, salty

Karasu – Crow

Kare – He

Kashu - Singer

Kata – Shoulder

Kata - Person

Katakana – Japanese symbols used to write foreign words with.

Katte - One's own convenience, one's way

Katteni - willfully, as one pleases (“katteni shiro” – Do what ever you want)

Katsu – To win

Kawa - River

Kawaii = Pretty, cute, lovely, charming,

Kawai sou (ni) = "How sad", poor thing

Kawaru, kawata – To change

Kawatta - Particular, unusual, different

Kayoubi = "Tuesday" (the day of Mars, "Kasei", planet of the fire)

Kaze = Wind, “cold” (illness)

Kazoku - Family

Kechi - Cheap, stingy

Kedo = Although it is, but, however.

Keiji - Detective (police)

Keisatsu - Police

Ke-ki = Cake

Kekkou - splendid, nice, wonderful

Kekkyoku - After all, eventually, in the end.

Kenka(i) – Fight, argue, quarrel

Kesa – This morning

Kibishii - Severe, strict, stern, intense (cold)


Kibou - Hope, wish, aspiration (strong desire, longing)

Kibun - Feeling, mood

Kieru, kieta – To disappear, to vanish

Ki-ga-suru – To have a hunch, to feel a certain way

Kiken – Danger

Kikoeru – To hear, to be heard

Kiku = To listen, to ask

Kimeru, kimeta – To decide

Kimi = Standard "you"

Kimochi = Feeling, sensation, mood

Kinchou - Tension, mental strain, nervousness

Kininaru - To be on one's mind, to worry one, to feel uneasy

Kinishinaide/Kinisuruna – Don’t worry about it.

Ki-no-sei – “My imagination”

Kinyoubi = "Friday" (the day of Venus, "Kinsei", planet of the metal)

Kioku – Memory, recollection, remembrance

Kirei = Pretty, lovely or clean, neat, pure

Kireru - To cut well, to be sharp, to break, to snap

Kiri – Mist, fog

Kiri - Limits, end, bounds

Kiri – “to cut”  

Kiseki – Miracle

Kisetsu - Season

Kitanai - Dirty, unclean, filthy

Kitsune = Fox

Kitto = Surely, undoubtedly

Kiosukete = Be careful

Kizu = Wound (physical cut)

Kizuite –To notice

Kochirakoso - It is I who should say so, the pleasure is all mine.

Kodomo = Child

Ko-hi- = Coffee

Koi! = "Come here!” or "Come on!"

Koi – Love, carp

Koibito = Beloved, lover, sweetheart, Dear, wanted, beloved, darling ect.

Koi Shiteru – I love you (romantic love)

Koitsu – This guy

koko = "Here" (near speaker)

Kokoro = Heart, mind, soul

Kokuhaku - Confession, acknowledgement

Komaru – To be troubled, to be worried, to be bothered 

Konbanwa = Good evening (after 5pm)

Koneko = Kitten

Konnichiwa = Hello, good afternoon.

Konyakusha - Fiancée

Koori - Ice, shaved ice

Kore = "This" (near the person speaking)

Kore wa nan desu ka. = "What is this?"

Korosu - to kill

Koshi = Back

Kotaeru/ kotaete! = to answer, (answer me!)

Kotoba - Words

Kotowaru - to refuse, to decline

Kouban - Police box

Koubutsu - Favorite dish, favorite food   “Daikoubutsu” – Most favorite food

Kouei - Honor, privilege

Kougeki - Attack, strike, offensive

Koukai - Regret, repentance

Kou kou – High school

Kou kou-sei – High school student

Kowai = Scared, scary, fear, afraid, frightening

Kowareru – To break, to be broken

Kowasu - To break, to break down

Kubi = Neck

Kubi - Fired (from a job)

Kuchi – Mouth

Kudasai = Please

Kui- “to eat”, “Kuimono” = food (guy words)

Ku-ki = Cookie

Kun = It is used for under classman by upperclassman, you can also use this with a boy in your own class. Teachers use it to students, used with boys and girls.

Kuni – Country

Kurai – Dark, dim, dull

Kurai – Amount, about, around

Kurashi – (place of ) living   

Kuroi - Black

Kuru = To come

Kurushii - Painful, difficult,

Kusai - Stench

Kusuri = Medicine

Kuuki- Air, atmosphere

Kuwashii - Knowing very well, detailed

kuyashii - Regrettable, mortifying, frustrating

Kyoiku- Education major

Kyoku - Tune, piece of music

Kyonen – Last year                            

Kyou = Today

Kyoudai – Siblings

Kyoukai – Church

Kyoukasho – Text book

Kyoushi – Teacher, instructor, professor

Kyoumi – Interest, (kyouminai means “not interested”)

Kyuukei - Rest, break, recess, intermission


Maa maa = so-so, average/ or "Now, now”; a phrase used to placate someone. ;_;

Maboroshi = Illusion

Mabushii – Radiant, bright

Machigainai = There's no mistake; machigai alone means “mistake”.

Machi-nasai – Wait (formal)

Mada – (not) yet, still

Mado – Window

Mahou = Magic

Mae – before, past

Mai – Every

Maigo - Lost

Mainichi = "Everyday"

Maita! – “This is bad”, “I’m in a pinch”, “I’m beat”

Maitta – Things are bad, I’m in a pinch.

Majime/maji – Serious, diligent, honest. 

Makaseru = To entrust to another, to entrust to, to leave to, to count on.

Makeru = To lose, to be defeated

Mama – At this rate, as it is now

Mamoru = to protect, to guard, to obey

Manga = Japanese comic book

Mangetsu – full moon

Mani-atta – On time, in time

Maru – Circle, “correct”                  

Marude – “It’s almost like…”, “as if”

Masaka = Can it be? It can't be!

Masugu -Straight, straight ahead, direct, upright

Mata – Again

Matashita = See you tomorrow

Matsuri - Festival

Matta ne = See you later

Mattaku = It’s a General _expression of annoyance.

Matte! = Wait!

Mazu - First (of all), to start with

Mazui -Bad, awkward, unwise

Me = Eye

Mecha - Extremely (Kansai dialect)

Mechakucha - Messed up

Megumi, megumu – To bless, blessing, grace

Meieri – Order

Meiwaku – trouble, annoyance

Mendou – Trouble, difficulty, care, attention

Mendoukusai - Bother to do, tiresome, troublesome

Meshi – Meals, food.  Also slang for “meal”

Mezasu/ Mesashite –To aim at, striving for

Mezurashii – Rare, unusual.         

Mezawari - Obstructing a view, eyesore (unpleasant sight)

Michi - Road, street, way, method

Migi(gawa) – Right hand side

Migotosplendid, magnificent

Migurushi – disgraceful, ugly, unsightly

Mikata - Fiend, ally, supporter

Mimi = Ear

Minna = Everyone

Miru = "To see/watch"

Mise - Store, shop

Mitai! = Look!

Mizu = Water

Mizugi – Women’s bathing suit.

Mizuumi – Lake

Mochiron = Of course, without a doubt, certainly

Modore, modote, modoru – To turn back, to return

Modosu – To restore, to put back.

Mokuteki - Purpose, goal, aim, objective, intention

Mokuyoubi = "Thursday" (the day of Jupiter, "Mokusei", planet of the tree)

Mondai – Problem, question 

Monku- Complaint

Mono –Thing, object

Monshou – Crest

Mottainai – Wasteful

Motte – Carrying, with, by, by means of, because, in view of

Mori = Forest

Moshi = If, supposing

Moshikashite – “what if”, Maybe

Moshi moshi = Hello, on the phone.

Moto – Original

Motomoto - Originally, by nature, from the start

Motto = More

Mou ii = A phrase, means "no more" or "that's enough!"

Moushi-wake (gozaimamen) – Apologies

Mucha – Over do, over work

Muda – Futile, uselessness

Mukae - Meeting, to pick up someone.

Mukashi – old

Mukatsuku - To feel irritated, to get pissed off

Mune – Chest, breast  

Murasaki - Purple color, violet

Muri – Impossible, unreasonable, overdoing it.  

Musekinin - Irresponsible person

Mushi –Insects, bugs

Mushi - Disregard, ignore

Musume – Daughter

Muteki (ni) - Invincible, unrivaled, matchless

Myouji – Last name, family name


Na, namae = Name

Naisho = Secret (between friends)

Naka = Inside

Naka – relation, relationship

Nakama – partner, associate, companion

Nakanai = Don't cry

Naka yoshi/yoku – Friendly, get along well.

Naku – To Cry

Nakunaru – To die, to disappear, to get lost

Nandemo – what ever, anything.

Nanimo = Nothing

Nanimokamo - Anything and everything

Naosu – To heal, to cure, to fix, to correct

Nantoka - Somehow

Nantonaku - Somehow, for some reason or another

Nara – If, in that case

Naruhodo – Said when someone comes to an understand of some thing, “I get it” “I see”

Nasakenai – Pathetic, miserable, pitiable, shameful

Natsu –Summer

Natsukashi- Nostalgic

Natsu yasumi – Summer vacation

Naze = Extreme “why”

Nazo/Nazonazo- Riddle, puzzle

Ne = Right (as in "correct") or “hey!”

Nebokeru – To be half asleep

Negai - Desire, wish, request, prayer, petition

Neko = Cat (a cat says “nyaa nyaa”)

Nemui- Sleepy

Nen – year

Nenrei – Age

Neru – To sleep

Nensei – Year in school; Ichi nensei – First year.  Ni nensei – second year. Etc…

Netsu – Fever, temperature

Nezumi = Mouse, rat

Niau- to suit, to match:  “That dress looks good on you”

Nichiyoubi = "Sunday" (the day of the Sun)
<!--[if !supportLineBreakNewLine]--><!--[endif]-->

Nigeru, nigero = To flee, to escape, to run away

Nihon = Japan

Nihonjin = "Japanese (person)"

Niku = Meat

Nikuman = Pork buns

Nikushi(mi) – Hatred

Nin – Person

Ningen – Human

Ningyou- Doll, puppet, figure

Ninki - Popular

Nioi – Smell

Nira – leek, scallion

Nisemono – Imposter, fake, false

Niteru – Looks like, similar in looks

Nodo = Throat

Nomimono = "Drink(s)”

Nomu = "To drink"

Noni - Although, even though, in spite of

Noroi – a curse, cursed

Nozomi - Wish, desire

Nuigurumi – Stuffed animal/toy/doll


Obasan = Aunt

Obaasan = Grandmother

Oboeru, oboeta, oboetaru = To remember

Ocha = "Green tea"

Ochikomu/Ochikonde – To feel down (sad)

Ochitsuite- Calm down

Odorokasu- To surprised

Ohayou-gozaimasu = Good morning

Ohisashiburi = It's been a long time or "long time no see"

Oishii = Tasty, Delicious

Oshiire – Japanese style closet

Ojisan = Uncle, or "mister"

Ojiisan – Grandfather

Ooji-sama = Prince

Okaasan = Mother.

Okage(de) – Backing, assistance, thanks to you, because of, thanks to

Okami (sama) – Hostess, God

Okane - Money

Okashi = Candy, sweets

Okashii –Strange, weird, funny

Okaeri nasai = Welcome home

Okawari = Second helping

Okiru = To get up

Okotteru- angry

Okyakusan = Guest

Omae = (Casual men's "you")

Omedetou- gozaimasu = Congratulations

Omedetou = Congratulations! An auspicious occasion!

Omiyage – Souvenir (Generally food)

Omoi- Heavy

Omoi - Thought, feelings, emotion

Omoidasu – to remember, to recall

Omoikiri – With all one's strength (heart)

Omoshiroi - Interesting, amusing

Onaji – Same identical, equal

Onaka ga suita – I’m hungry

Onegai-shimasu = Please, pretty please (formal)

Onee-san = Older sister

Ongaku- Music

Oni - Ogre

Onigiri= Rice ball

Onii-Chan = Older brother

Onna – Woman

Ookami = Wolf

Oosawagi - Clamour, a loud uproar, noisy commotion

Ore = (Informal men's "I", very manly)

Oroka – Foolish

Osewaninarimasu – To be indebted 

Osoraku - Perhaps

Otanjoubi- omedetou- gozaimasu =Happy birthday

Oto – Sound

Otoko = Man

Otousan = Father
Otouto = Younger brother

Ouen - Support, assistance, help, reinforcement, rooting

Ou-sama – king

Owari = "The end", finished, done

Oyabun – Boss, chief, head, The big guy in charge -^_^-

Oyaji = "Old man", as in your dad

Oyasumi nasai = Good night formally

Oyomesan - Wife


Pan = Bread

Peko-peko – To be very hungry

Pera-pera – Fluent

Pengin = Penguin

Pika-pika – Glittering, sparkling

Pittari - Exactly, neatly, perfectly

Pun – Minute


Raku - Comfort, ease

Rakuen – Paradise

Rakushou – Easy victory, “A piece of cake”

Rai shuu – Next week

Ra-shii – Like something, seems so, appears like

Rei – Spirit, soul, departed soul, ghost

Rei – Zero, naught 

Rei - expression of gratitude       “Rei o agemasu” – I give my thanks

Renraku - Communication, connection

Renshuu – Practice

Rippa –Splendid, fine, elegant, Grand 

Risu –Squirrel

Riyuu – Reason

Roumanji – Arabic characters used to describe Japanese words, which follow the pronunciation pattern of Japanese.

Ryou – Dormitory

Ryoukai - A message is received and understood-"Roger!"

Ryoushin – Both parents

Ryu = Dragon



Saboru- To be lazy, to be truant, to be idle 

Sabori – Skipping class

Sai – Years old, age

Saifu – Purse, wallet

Saigo – Last

Saikyo – Strongest, best

Saiminjutsu – Hypnotism

Saisho – Beginning, first

Sagaru/Sagate - To fall, to fall back, stand back, decrease

Sagasu – To search

Sagate – Stay back, step back

Sakana = Fish, fish say “paku paku

Saki – Ahead, first---- “Saki ni ikimas” = I’m going ahead first.

Sakki – Some time ago, before, that time.

Sakura = Cherry blossom

Sakusen – Strategy, plan

Saikin- Lately

Sainou - Talent, ability

Saitei – The worst, last, scum

Sama = It is a suffix which is used to address someone of a high status whom you show a lot of respect for. Sama would also be used toward royalty, as in Van Sama that’s like “lord van” or a butler would say Matthew Sama it like “Master Matthew”

Samashite- Hang in there! “Me o samashite

Samui – Cold (weather, feeling cold)

San =Mr. or Mrs. (suf) it is used with a person you don’t really know; or an older person whom you show respect. When meeting someone new in Japan it’s important to show respect, so using “san” even if you don’t know them well is good. When you get to know them better then you could call them “kun” “Chan” of maybe even there name with out a suffix but you would need permission.

 Sansei - Approval, agreement, support, favor

Sassato – Quickly, hurry up and…

Sasuga – As expected

Sato - Village

Saware naide! – Don’t touch me!

Sawaru - To touch, to feel

Sayonara = Good bye, farewell

Sekai – World

Sei – holy

Seifuku - Uniform, regulation dress

Seigi - Justice, right, righteousness

Sei-ippai – To the fullest, with all one’s might.

Seikai – Correct, right

Seikou – Success

Sei no! – Heave ho!

Sei rei sama – Holy spirit

Seisei-doudou – Fair and square   

 Seito – Student (High school and below only)

Seiyuu = Voice actor/actress

Sekai – World

Seki – seat

Sekinin – Responsibility

Sekkaku - with trouble, at great pains, long-awaited, at great expense or trouble

Semai - Narrow, confined, small

Semete – At least

Sempai = An older person whom you look up to. (A role model) Senior (at work or school): superior, elder upperclassmen, predecessor. (Essentially someone who has studied or been there before you)

Senkou – Major (in collage)

Sensei = Teacher, doctor, or a person skilled in their field.

Senshi – Soldier, warrior

Serifu - Speech, words, one's lines, remarks

Shaberu = to talk, to speak, to chat, to chatter

Shachou - Company president, manager, director

Shi – city

Shiawase = happiness, good fortune

Shiburaku – A little while

Shigoto - Work, occupation, employment

Shi ka – Nothing but. 

Shikari-shite = "hang in there! Or "snap out of it!”

Shikashi = However, but,

Shikata ga nai = "No help for it," "No way to avoid it," "Nothing left but to deal with it."

Shiken - Examination, exam,  test

Shimei - Mission, errand

Shin-jin – New person

Shinjiru, shinji = to believe, to have faith, to trust

Shinka – Evolve

Shinpai = Worry, concern

Shinpan = Judgment

Shippo – Tail

Shiroi - white

Shiru – To know, to understand

Shishou – Master, teacher

Shita - Under, below, beneath

Shitsukoi - Insistent, obstinate, persistent, stubborn

Shitsumon – Question, inquiry

Shitsurei – Rude

Shitsureishimasu – Excuse me

Shiwaza – doing, act, action, deed

Shizuka - Quiet, peaceful

Shizukani stite – Be quiet

Shokuji – Meal

Shougakkou – Elementary school

Shougaku-sei - Elementary school student

Shou ga nai is an abbreviated form

Shoujiki- Honestly

Shoujo = Little girl, daughter, young lady

Shoukai – Introduction.           “Shoukai suru” – To introduce (someone).

Shokuryou - food

Shounen = Young boy

Shourai – Future

Shugyou – Training, practicing martial arts

Shujutsu - Surgical operation

Shukudai – Homework

Shumi - Hobby, tastes, preference

Shuu – State

Shuu - week

Shuumastu - weekend

Shuuchuu - Concentration, focusing the mind

Soba(ni) - Near, close, beside

Soko = "There [near you]"

Sonna = “That can't be!" or "no way!"

Sono koto yori – More importantly, instead of that.

Sora – Sky

Sora mimi – Hearing things

Sore = "That [near you]" (near the person being spoken to)

Sore ni – besides, moreover

Soro soro = Soon

Soretomo – Or, or else

Saseru/Sasete – do cause someone to do/feel something.

Soshite – And

Soto - Outside

Sou desu ne = Yes it is; "sou sou" can mean "oh yeah", and "sou" on its own can also mean, "yes". Sou nan da is an informal way of saying it. "That's right." or "Let's see...”

Souji - Cleaning, sweeping

Sou ka = Is that so?

Sou ieba = Remembering a certain fact from memory. “Now that you mention it…”

Subarashii = Wonderful, splendid, magnificent

Subete – All, the whole, entirely

Sugi – Over doing it, too much, too.

Sugoi = Terrific, amazing, great, wow, terrible,

Sugoku – Very

Sugu – Straight

Suguni – Right away, immediately

Suiyoubi = "Wednesday" (the day of Mercury, "Suisei", planet of the water)

Suki = To like, to love, to be fond of

Sukinishite/sukinishiro – Do whatever you want.

Sukkari - All, completely, thoroughly

Sukoshi = A bit, few, slight, little, some, small quantity "to a small degree".

Sukui/sukue- Help, assist, aid.

Sukunakutomo – At least

Sumanai – “I’m sorry”, (guy’s word, Informal)

Sumimasen = “Excuse me!” “Excuse me

Suna – Sand

Sunao – Obedient, honest

Suru = To do       (shimasu)

Suzu - Bell


Tabemono = "Food(s)"

Taberu = To eat

Tabun = Probably, perhaps

Tachi - Quality, nature (of person)                   

Tadaima = I'm home, I'm back

Tadashii – However, but

Tai – V.S., verses, ageist.

Taichou - Captain, leader, commanding officer

Taihen = Awful, dreadful, terrible

Taido – Attitude, manner

Taisetsu = Important

Taishita (koto) - Great, important, significant, a big deal, considerable

Takai = Tall, high, expensive

Tako – Octopus

Takuramu/takuranderu - To scheme, to plan, to play a trick

Takusan – many, a lot, much

Tama- A generic name for a cat.

Tamago = Egg

Tamani – Occasionally, once in while

Tamashii - Soul, spirit

Tamatama - Casually, unexpectedly, accidentally, by chance

Tameni - For the sake of, to one's advantage (good, benefit)

Tani – Valley

Tanomu – To request, to beg, to ask     “Tanomi” – Request

Tansu – Chest of drawers

Taosu- To throw down, to beat, to bring down

Tashika - Certain, sure, definite

Tashikameru/tashikamete – To make certain, to confirm

Tashikani - Surely, certainly

Tasukeru, tasukete = To help, to save, to rescue, to give relief to

Tatakai - Fight, battle, struggle, conflict

Tatoe - If, even if, though, although

Tatoeba - For example

Tatsu/tate – to Stand

Te = hand

Tegami – Letter

Teki – Enemy, rival

Tekkiri – Thinking certainly that something was true but wasn’t.

Ten – Heaven, sky

Ten – Points, mark, score, grade

Tengoku - Heaven, Kingdom of Heaven, paradise

Tenkousei – Transfer student 

Tennyo = Heavenly nymph, celestial maiden

Tensai – Genius

Tenshi = Angel

Tereru - To be shy, to feel awkward

Tezukuri – Handmade

To = And

Toboke - To play innocent, to feign ignorance

Tobokenaide – Don’t play dumb

Todana – Cabinet, cupboard

Toire - Toilet

Toki = Time, or occasion

Toki doki = Sometimes, from time to time

Tokorode – By the way

Tokubetsu – Special

Tomodachi = Friend

Tomeru – Stop

Tooi – Far away, distant

Tora = Tiger

Tori – Bird, Birds say “pii pii” or “piyo piyo

Toriko – Captive, slave

Torimodosu - To take back, to regain

Totemo = Very

Totsuzen - Abruptly, suddenly, all at once

Touzen - Naturally, obviously 

Tsubasa = Wings

Tsugi = Next

Tsukai – To use

Tsukamaeru/ tsukamaeta – To catch, caught, to hold on to

Tsukare - Tiredness, fatigue

Tsumaranai - Insignificant, boring

Tsumari – In other words

Tsumetai – Cold (object)

Tsumi – Sin, crime

Tsumori – Intension, plan, meaning

Tsurai – Painful, heart-breaking

Tsureru/tsurede – To bring with

Tsuyoi – Strong, powerful

 Tsuzuku - To be continued

 Tsuzukeru - To continue on


Uwasa –Rumor, gossip, common talk

Uchi = House

Ue -  Above, over, on top of, up, upper part, summit.

Ugoku- To move, to stir, to shift, to shake

Uma = Horse 

Umai = Yummy, delicious, good

Umarekawari - rebirth, reincarnation

Umarekawaru - To be born again, to make a fresh start in life

Umareru – To be born

Umeboshi - dried plum (pickled)

Un – Yes (informal)

Unmei = Fate

Uragiru - To betray, to turn traitor to, to double-cross

Urami - Grudge, malice, bitterness

Urayamashii – Envious

Ureshii = Happy, glad, pleasant.

Urusai = Noisy, loud, fussy. The command means, "Be quiet"

Usagi = Rabbit

Ushi = Cow

Uso = A lie, falsehood, incorrect fact. 

Usotsuki- A person who lies, a liar. 

Utsukushii – Beautiful

Uzai – Annoying


Wai! = Yay!

Waga – my, our

Wagamama – Selfishness

Wakaru/wakatta/wakarimashita = “To understand", "I understand, I know, I get it"

Wakaranai = "I don't understand, I don't get it”

Wakare - Parting, separation, farewell

Wake - Meaning, reason, circumstances

Wakuwaku - Tremble, get nervous, to be excited

Wana = Trap

Wanko- Puppy (This word is not used much, “Ko-inu” is more common)

Warai – smile, laugh

Ware - I, me, oneself, self

Wareware - We

Warui = Bad, inferior  

Wasureru/wasereta- To forget, I got.

Watakushi = Formal "I"

Watashi = Standard "I"

Watasu/watase –To pass over, to hand over

Waza - Deed, act, work, performance

Wazato – On purpose

Wazawaza - Expressly, specially


Yabai = Miserable, dangerous, "This is bad!"

Yakamashii – Noisy, “shut up!”

Ya-kimochi – Jealous

Yakusoku = Promise, oath

Yama – Mountain

Yameru, yamete/yamero! = To stop, -----Stop!

Yappari = As expected (“Yahari” is formal)

Yarinaosu - To do over again, to redo, to start over

Yarou – Bad person, rascal, scoundrel, mischievous, no principles

Yaru – To do it

Yasashii - Nice, gentle

Yasui - Cheap, inexpensive

Yatta! ="Hooray!"" "I did it!" and "Yay!"

Yatto – At last, finally

Yesu sama – Jesus

Yokatta = An _expression of relief, "I'm so glad" or "thank goodness!"

Yokattara – If you’d like, if it’s OK

Yokei - Too much, unnecessary “yokei nokoto”

Yoku – Good, well, properly, skilled in, nicely, properly

Yokunai – Not good

Yonde – Read, speak aloud    “yomu” – to read

Yorokobu/bi - Joy, delight, pleasure

Yorokonde = With pleasure

Yoroshii good, all right, fine, good, very well

Yoru - Evening, night

Yoshi! = An exclamation used when readying oneself to take an important action. "Here I come!" "All right (, then)!" all right, let's go, let's do it!

You - Task, business, use

Youji - Tasks, things to do

Youkoso – welcome!

You se! – Stop!

Yowai – Weak

Yuki = Snow

Yudan - Negligence, careless ease, unprepared

Yudan shinaide – Don’t let your guard down, don’t be careless

Yuu – Evening

Yuube – Last night

Yuubinkyoku - Post office

Yuuenchi – Amusement park

Yuuhan – Evening meal (supper)

Yuujou – Friendship

Yuuki – Courage

Yuumei – Famous

Yuusha - Hero, the brave, man of velour, superior individual

Yuushou – Win, overall victory, championship

Yukuri – slowly, at ease

Yume = Dream

Yurusu = To permit, to allow, to approve, to forgive, pardon

Yusha – Hero

Yuurei – Ghost


Zannen – Too bad, bad luck, disappointment.

Zehi – Certainly, without fail

Zenzen = Wholly, entirely, completely, not at all (neg v)

Zettai! = Absolutely! Definitely! Surly!


1 = ichi            2 = ni               3 = san            4 = shi/yon      5 = go      6 = roku     

 7 = shichi/nana          8 = hatchi        9 = kyuu/ku                10 = juu

Numbers 11-19 are done by juu + [the one's digit 11: juuichi 12: juuni

Regarding umbers greater than 19, it's the number in the tens digit, then "juu",

Followed by the next number; 20 = nijuu
<!--[if !supportLineBreakNewLine]-->