This is my Japanese translation sheet that I have been working on for over 5 years now. It consists of all the words I know. It has over 1,000 words. I am very proud :D I will update the list when I'm not too lazy to add new learned words..
DON’T STEAL MY LIST!!!
You can use it for reference… But don’t take credit for it!
Last updated: 6-11-08
Hi! -^__^- WOOT!
Japanese translation sheet A-Z!
(No “L”, “Q”, “X” or “V”)
Aa = Yes (informal)
Abunai = Dangerous, critical, grave,
Ageru- To give
Ai – Love
Aibou - Partner, accomplice, companion.
Afureru - To flood, to overflow, to brim over
Aikawarazu – As usual
Ai Shiteru = I love you (romantic love) “to know love”
Aisatsu – Greeting, salutation
Aitai (kata) – I wanted to see you.
Aiyamaru – Apologize
Akachan – Baby, infant
Aka(i) – Red
Akarui – Bright, cheerful
Amari - Not very, not much, remainder, rest, remnant
Akemashite - omedetou - gozaimasu = Happy New Year
Akeru - To open
Aki – Autumn, fall
Akirameru - To give up, to abandon
Amerika = America
Amerikajin =American (person)
Anata = Formal "you", ("beloved, or dearest" if used between a married couple)
Aneki = Sister
Aneue = Older sister
Aniki = Brother, one's senior
Aniue = Older brother
Anou = Umm…
Anshin = relief, peace of mind, be at peace, don’t worry
Ara/are = "Huh?”
Are = "That [over there]" (not near either person)
Arie nai– Not possible
Arigato = Thank you (informal).
Arigato gozaimasu = Thank you very much (formal)
Aruki/ku – To walk
Asa - Morning
Asappara - In the early morning
Ashi = Leg, foot
Ashita – Tomorrow
Asobu – To play, to visit
Asoko = [over] There
Atama = head
Atari - Hit, success, reaching the mark, par
Atashi = Informal female "I"
Atarashii – New
Atarimae- Obviously, naturally
Ato = later, after
Au – To meet, to encounter [“aitai” – (I) want to meet (him/her)]
Baai – Case, Situation, “Kono baai ja nai” “This is no time to…”
Bacchiri - Perfectly, properly, right on the mark
Bakaga = Impossible
Bakanisuru – To make fun of
Bakari - Just, only, merely, nothing but
Bakemono = Monster
Bangohan = Dinner
Batsu – Punishment
Ben - Speech, dialect “Oosaka ben” Osaka dialect
Bento = Boxed lunch
Bare da – Found out, busted
Basho – Place, location
Betsuni = Nothing, not really, not particularly. (Negative phrase)
Bi – Beauty
Bijin = Beautiful woman
Bikkuri – To be surprised, to be amazed, to be frightened “bikkurishita”
Binbou – Poverty, poor destitute
Boku = "I" for male youth
Boroboro - Worn out, beat up.
Boushi – Hat
Buji – Safe, alright, at peace
Buki - Weapon
Bun – Share, part, portion
Busai/Busu – ugly (Very rude)
Buta – pig
Byou – A second (as in time)
Byouki – Sickness, illness
Chan = Suffix for familiar person, It’s a term to address good friends. (Informal)
Chanto – Perfectly, properly, exactly
Chi = Blood
Chibi = Runt, dwarf, little
Chichi (ue) = Father
Chigau = Different, wrong
Chiisai/Chiisana - Small
Chikai - Near, close by, short
Chikaku - Near, neighborhood, vicinity
Chikara = Strength, power
Chikoku – Tardy, tardiness, being late, lateness.
Chikyuu = Earth (planet)
Chizu - Map
Chotto = A little, a short time, a bit
Chotto matte = "Wait a minute!" “Wait a bit”
Chou – Butterfly
Chou - super-, ultra-, hyper-
Chuugakkou - Middle school, junior high school
Chuugaku-sei- Middle school student, junior high school student
Dai – Large, big
Daigaku = College
Daiji- Important, valuable
Daijini – “Take are of yourself”<--- (greeting) To treasure, to take care of.
Daijoubu = All right, O.K., Don’t worry, I'm okay, I'll be all right, etc.
Dakara = So, therefore
Dake – Only, just
Dakishimeru - To hug someone close, to hold someone tight
Dame = Bad, useless, no good, hopeless,
Damaru = To be still, or silent. Damare! = "Shut up! /Silence!"
Damasu = To trick, to cheat, to deceive.
Dan – Group, team, brigade
Danna - Master, husband
Dattara – If that’s the case, if so then…
Dare = Who (“donata” is formal)
Deau - To meet, to encounter, to run across
De gozaimasu – Is used at the end of a sentence in place of desu.
Dekai – Huge
Dekakeru – To depart, “gone out for a while”
Demo = However, but
Denki – electricity, light
Densetsu = Legend, legendary
Densha - Electric train
Deru, dete - To leave
Deshita = "Was/were”
Desu = Is/are/am, the verb “to be”
Denwa bango wa nan desu ka = What is your telephone number?
Dewa arimasen, ja arimasen = "Isn't/aren't"
Dewa arimasen deshita, ja arimasen deshita = "Wasn't, weren't"
Doite –Move “Doke” - move!
Doji – Clumsiness, clumsy
Doki-doki - A heartbeat
Doko = Where
Dokyou - Courage, bravery, nerve, guts
Domo arigatou gozaimasu = Thank you (most formal)
Dono – A suffix that is a step above “San”, in respect; but not as respectful as “Sama”
Dorobou - Thief
Dou – How, in what way
Doubutsu – Animal
Dou itashimashite = Your welcome
Doushite = Why?
Doushitemo – No matter what, by all/any means, at any cost
Douzo = Feel free, go ahead, please (giving permission)
Douzo yoroshiku = Please treat me favorably (well)
Doyoubi = "Saturday" (the day of Saturn, "Dosei", planet of the soil)
Ee – Yes (informal)
E - Picture, drawing, painting, sketch
Ebi - Lobster, shrimp
Eeto... = "Um..." or "erm...”
Egao – Smile
Eien –Eternity, forever
Eiga - Movie, film
Eigo = English (language)
Engeki - Play (theatrical)
Engi - Acting, performance, drama, play
Enryo - restraint, reserve, hold back
Erasoni – Bossy, acting high and mighty
Erabu – To choose “Erabi” – chosen
Erai – great, celebrated
Fuan - anxious, uneasy, nerves
Fue- Pipe, flute
Fukai – Deep, thick
Furareru - To dump your boyfriend of girlfriend “furareda” I was dumped
Furigana – Small hiragana above kanji
Furo = Bath
Fushigi = Mysterious
Futari - Two people, pair, couple
Futaritomo – Both (people)
Futon - Japanese style bedding
Futsuu - Normally, ordinarily, usually
Fuu - Method, manner, way
Fuuin – Seal, sealed
Fuyu – Winter
Gaijin = Foreigner
Gaki = Young, immature person.
Gakkari – To feel disappointed, to lose heart
Gakkou = School
Gakusei = Student
Gaman - Patience, endurance, perseverance, tolerance
Ganbatte ne, ganbaru = To persist, to insist on, to stand firm “Do your best!”
Geki – Play, drama
Genjitsu – Reality
Genkai – Limit
Genkan – Japanese entranceway, entry hall
Genki = Energy, Health(y), robust, vigor, vitality.
Genki da = “Cheer up!”, “be well”, “take care”, etc.
Genki desu-ka = How are you? Are you doing well?
Getsuyoubi = Monday (the day of the Moon)
Ginkou - Bank
Girigiri - At the last moment, just barely
_____-go = "_____ language”
Gochisou – Feast, or (treating someone to food)
Gochisousama! = I'm finished! Thank you for the meal. ”It was a feast!”
Gochisou suru – I’ll treat you to a meal
Gokai – Misunderstanding
Gokaku – You pass; equality, evenness, par, good match
Gokigen(yo) –Pleasant, “Have a pleasant day” (Formal)
Gomen Kudasai – Said when entering a house when you don’t see anyone there.
Gomen-nasai = I’m sorry
Gomi – Trash, Garbage
Guai – Condition, “duai dou desu ka” means, how’s your condition (physical)
Guzuguzu – Slowly, dawdling
Ha = Teeth
Hakase – Professor (w/ doctorate, PhD)
Hakkiri – Clearly, bluntly
Hako – Box
Hashi – Chopsticks or bridge
Hashiru – To run
Haha (ue) = Mother
Hai = Yes (formal)
Hairu – To enter, to break into, to join, to enroll
Hajime = Beginning, start, the first time
Hajimemashite = Nice to meet you (for the first time)
Han – half “Ichiji han” 1:30. Half past one O’clock
Han – A suffix that is equal in value as “San”, used mostly in Kyoto.
Hanbun = Half of a portion.
Hana = Flower, nose
Hanabi – Fireworks
Hanami - Cherry-blossom viewing, flower viewing
Hanashi = News, account, story
Hanatsu = to free, to release Hanase = "release me!" or "let me go!" (command)
Hanasu = To speak, to talk
Hannin - Offender, criminal
Hantai - Opposition, resistance
Happyou - Announcement, publication
Hara – Stomach
Hastukoi - Puppy love, first love
Hatsumimi - Something heard for the first time
Hayai = Quick, fast, swift, early. Hayaku = Early, "hurry up" or "quickly" (command)
Hazu – It should be so
Hazukashii – Embarrassed, shy, ashamed
Hebi = Snake, serpent
Heiki – Fine, ok
Heian – Peace, peaceful
Hen = Weird, strange
Hen - Area, vicinity
Henji - Reply, answer
Henshin = Transform, change
Heta – unskillful, poor (of skill)
Hetakuso – lousy, bad quality, unskilled
Hi = Day, fire, sun
Hidari – Left
Hidarigawa – Left hand side
Hidoi = severe, mean, cruel, harsh.
Hikari = Light, (glare, gleam, ray)
Hima - Free time, spare time
Himitsu – Secret
Hime(sama) = Princess
Hiragana – Japanese symbols used to write Japanese originated words with.
Hiroi – Spacious, vast, wide.
Hirugohan = Lunch
Hiyasu/Hiyase- To cool, to cool off, to refrigerate
Hito – person
Hitori – One person, alone, unmarried
Hitori-bocchi – All alone, lonely, solitude
Hitori-kko – Only child
Hitotsu – one
Hitsuji – Sheep, lamb
Hitsuyou - Need, needed necessity
Hitsuji = Sheep
Hiza – knee, lap
Hoka – Other, else
Homeru - To praise, to admire, to speak well of, to compliment
Hondana – Book shelf
Hone – Bone
Honki – Serious
Honmono – Authentic, genuine, “the real thing”
Honno - Slightly, faintly “honno sukoshi” - Just a little
Honoo - Flame, blaze
Hontou = Reality, really
Horeru - To fall in love, to be in love
Hoshii - Wanted, wished for, in need of, desired
Houhou – Way, method, means
Hyotto, hyottoshite - Possibly, accidentally, could it be, by any chance.
Ichiban = #1, first, the best, favorite, etc.
Ichi nen sei – First year student
Ii = Good
Iie = No
Ijiwaru – “meanie” (person), Ijiwarui (object)
Iikagen – Right “iikagen ni shiro” means “act right/proper”
Ii kimi! – Serves you right! You got what you deserved!
Ika nakucha - I have to go.
Ikenai = Oh no! Must not do, don’t do it.
Iki – Breath
Ikinari - Abruptly, suddenly, all of a sudden
Ikiru – To live
Iku, ikuzo, ikimashou, ikou, iki = To go, "let's go", Shall we go? , let’s go.
Ikura – How much
Ima = Now
Imasara - Now, at this late hour
Imi – Meaning
Imouto = younger sister
Inochi = Life.
Inori – Prayer, supplication
Inu = Dog, dogs say “wan wan”
Iranai – I don’t want it, I don’t need it.
Iro – Color
Iro iro – Various things
Irrashaimase! = Welcome!
Iru – present, presence “Dare ka Iru?” (Who is there?). Formal is “imasu”
Ishi – Will
Issho – With, together
Isshoukenmei - Eagerly, with utmost effort, very hard
Istumo = Always, constantly, ever, etc
Itachi = Wease
Itadakimasu = “Let's eat!” (Formal) [A saying before you eat] Literally - to receive
Itadaku - To receive, to take food or drink
Itai = ouch!
Itami – Pain
Itoko – cousin
Itsu = When
Itsudemo – Anytime
Ittai – What in the world.
Itte-kimasu = "I'm taking off!" or "I'm leaving now!”
Ittekuru – I go, I come
Isoide- in a hurry, hasten; ”hurry up” “with haste”
Isu – Chair
Iu – To say
Iwa nai – “I won’t say it”
Jama – Hindrance, in the way.
-Janai/-nai = a suffix, makes a word negative
Ja ne = Cya later
Janken = "Rock, paper, scissors”, the complete phrase is "Janken, Pon!"
Jibun = Self, yourself
Jigoku – Hell
Jiji - Grandfather, old man
Jiko - Accident, incident, trouble, circumstances
Jujitsu - Fact, truth, reality
Jikan - Time (Ji – Hour)
-jin = "[country] person" Amerika –jin (American person)
Jinsei - This world, life
Jishin – Confidence
Jishin - earthquake
Jishin- Ones self, personally
Jitensha – bicycle
Jitsu wa = "Actually..."
Josei – Woman, lady
Joudan - Joke
Joudan janai ="This is no joke!" or "you've got to be kidding!” etc.
Joudeki – Good performance
Jouhou – Information
Joukyou - Circumstances, situation
Jouken - Conditions, terms
Jouzu – Very good (best)
Joou-sama – Queen
Jugyou - Lesson, class work
Junbi - Preparation, arrangements, provision, reserve
Juubun - Plenty, enough, sufficient, satisfactory
Kaban - Bag, briefcase
Kaeru – To come back, to return, to go back
Kagami - Mirror
Kage – Shadow
Kaieru – Frog, frogs say “kero kero”
Kaijuu – Monster
Kaimashita/ Kaimono- Shopping
Kaite – write “kaku” – to write
Kakkoii! = "Cool!” handsome
Kako - the past
Kakugo - Readiness, preparedness
Kakurenbo(u) – Hide and seek (Game)
Kakureru - To hide, to be hidden, to conceal oneself
Kamaimasen, kamawanai – It doesn’t matter
Kamau - To mind, to care about, to be concerned about (kamaimasen) - I don’t mind.
Kamen – Mask
Kami = God Sama
Kami - Hair
Kami - Paper
Kamo/ kamoshitenai – Maybe
Kanaeru - To grant (request, wish)
Kanarazu – Diffidently
Kangaeru – To Think, thoughts, ideas
Kanji – Characters used in Japanese writing that are very complex, and often constructed with many strokes. There are over 5,000 kanji. Kanji originated in China.
Kanjiru - to feel, to sense
Kankei – Relation, connection “kankei nai” = “Nothing to do with (me)”
Kakkou - Shape, form, posture
Kana - Japanese writing style consisting of “Hiragana” and “katakana”
Kanben - Pardon, forgiveness, forbearance
Kanben-shite (kure) – “Give me a break” (slang?)
Kanbyou - Nursing (a patient)
Kanchigai - Misunderstanding, wrong guess
Kangeki - Deep emotion, impression, inspiration, touching
Kani – Crab
Kanojo - Girl friend
Kanousei - Potentiality, likelihood, possibility
Kanpai – “cheers!” (A toast)
Kansei - Complete, completion
Kanzen - perfection, completeness
Kao – face
Kaori - Fragrance, nice smell
Karada - Body, health
Karai – Spicy, salty
Karasu – Crow
Kare – He
Kashu - Singer
Kata – Shoulder
Kata - Person
Katakana – Japanese symbols used to write foreign words with.
Katte - One's own convenience, one's way
Katteni - willfully, as one pleases (“katteni shiro” – Do what ever you want)
Katsu – To win
Kawa - River
Kawaii = Pretty, cute, lovely, charming,
Kawai sou (ni) = "How sad", poor thing
Kawaru, kawata – To change
Kawatta - Particular, unusual, different
Kayoubi = "Tuesday" (the day of Mars, "Kasei", planet of the fire)
Kaze = Wind, “cold” (illness)
Kazoku - Family
Kechi - Cheap, stingy
Kedo = Although it is, but, however.
Keiji - Detective (police)
Keisatsu - Police
Ke-ki = Cake
Kekkou - splendid, nice, wonderful
Kekkyoku - After all, eventually, in the end.
Kenka(i) – Fight, argue, quarrel
Kesa – This morning
Kibishii - Severe, strict, stern, intense (cold)
Kibou - Hope, wish, aspiration (strong desire, longing)
Kibun - Feeling, mood
Kieru, kieta – To disappear, to vanish
Ki-ga-suru – To have a hunch, to feel a certain way
Kiken – Danger
Kikoeru – To hear, to be heard
Kiku = To listen, to ask
Kimeru, kimeta – To decide
Kimi = Standard "you"
Kimochi = Feeling, sensation, mood
Kinchou - Tension, mental strain, nervousness
Kininaru - To be on one's mind, to worry one, to feel uneasy
Kinishinaide/Kinisuruna – Don’t worry about it.
Ki-no-sei – “My imagination”
Kinyoubi = "Friday" (the day of Venus, "Kinsei", planet of the metal)
Kioku – Memory, recollection, remembrance
Kirei = Pretty, lovely or clean, neat, pure
Kireru - To cut well, to be sharp, to break, to snap
Kiri – Mist, fog
Kiri - Limits, end, bounds
Kiri – “to cut”
Kiseki – Miracle
Kisetsu - Season
Kitanai - Dirty, unclean, filthy
Kitsune = Fox
Kitto = Surely, undoubtedly
Kiosukete = Be careful
Kizu = Wound (physical cut)
Kizuite –To notice
Kochirakoso - It is I who should say so, the pleasure is all mine.
Kodomo = Child
Ko-hi- = Coffee
Koi! = "Come here!” or "Come on!"
Koi – Love, carp
Koibito = Beloved, lover, sweetheart, Dear, wanted, beloved, darling ect.
Koi Shiteru – I love you (romantic love)
Koitsu – This guy
koko = "Here" (near speaker)
Kokoro = Heart, mind, soul
Kokuhaku - Confession, acknowledgement
Komaru – To be troubled, to be worried, to be bothered
Konbanwa = Good evening (after 5pm)
Koneko = Kitten
Konnichiwa = Hello, good afternoon.
Konyakusha - Fiancée
Koori - Ice, shaved ice
Kore = "This" (near the person speaking)
Kore wa nan desu ka. = "What is this?"
Korosu - to kill
Koshi = Back
Kotaeru/ kotaete! = to answer, (answer me!)
Kotoba - Words
Kotowaru - to refuse, to decline
Kouban - Police box
Koubutsu - Favorite dish, favorite food “Daikoubutsu” – Most favorite food
Kouei - Honor, privilege
Kougeki - Attack, strike, offensive
Koukai - Regret, repentance
Kou kou – High school
Kou kou-sei – High school student
Kowai = Scared, scary, fear, afraid, frightening
Kowareru – To break, to be broken
Kowasu - To break, to break down
Kubi = Neck
Kubi - Fired (from a job)
Kuchi – Mouth
Kudasai = Please
Kui- “to eat”, “Kuimono” = food (guy words)
Ku-ki = Cookie
Kun = It is used for under classman by upperclassman, you can also use this with a boy in your own class. Teachers use it to students, used with boys and girls.
Kuni – Country
Kurai – Dark, dim, dull
Kurai – Amount, about, around
Kurashi – (place of ) living
Kuroi - Black
Kuru = To come
Kurushii - Painful, difficult,
Kusai - Stench
Kusuri = Medicine
Kuuki- Air, atmosphere
Kuwashii - Knowing very well, detailed
kuyashii - Regrettable, mortifying, frustrating
Kyoiku- Education major
Kyoku - Tune, piece of music
Kyonen – Last year
Kyou = Today
Kyoudai – Siblings
Kyoukai – Church
Kyoukasho – Text book
Kyoushi – Teacher, instructor, professor
Kyoumi – Interest, (kyouminai means “not interested”)
Kyuukei - Rest, break, recess, intermission
Maa maa = so-so, average/ or "Now, now”; a phrase used to placate someone. ;_;
Maboroshi = Illusion
Mabushii – Radiant, bright
Machigainai = There's no mistake; machigai alone means “mistake”.
Machi-nasai – Wait (formal)
Mada – (not) yet, still
Mado – Window
Mahou = Magic
Mae – before, past
Mai – Every
Maigo - Lost
Mainichi = "Everyday"
Maita! – “This is bad”, “I’m in a pinch”, “I’m beat”
Maitta – Things are bad, I’m in a pinch.
Majime/maji – Serious, diligent, honest.
Makaseru = To entrust to another, to entrust to, to leave to, to count on.
Makeru = To lose, to be defeated
Mama – At this rate, as it is now
Mamoru = to protect, to guard, to obey
Manga = Japanese comic book
Mangetsu – full moon
Mani-atta – On time, in time
Maru – Circle, “correct”
Marude – “It’s almost like…”, “as if”
Masaka = Can it be? It can't be!
Masugu -Straight, straight ahead, direct, upright
Mata – Again
Matashita = See you tomorrow
Matsuri - Festival
Matta ne = See you later
Mattaku = It’s a General _expression of annoyance.
Matte! = Wait!
Mazu - First (of all), to start with
Mazui -Bad, awkward, unwise
Me = Eye
Mecha - Extremely (Kansai dialect)
Mechakucha - Messed up
Megumi, megumu – To bless, blessing, grace
Meieri – Order
Meiwaku – trouble, annoyance
Mendou – Trouble, difficulty, care, attention
Mendoukusai - Bother to do, tiresome, troublesome
Meshi – Meals, food. Also slang for “meal”
Mezasu/ Mesashite –To aim at, striving for
Mezurashii – Rare, unusual.
Mezawari - Obstructing a view, eyesore (unpleasant sight)
Michi - Road, street, way, method
Migi(gawa) – Right hand side
Migoto – splendid, magnificent
Migurushi – disgraceful, ugly, unsightly
Mikata - Fiend, ally, supporter
Mimi = Ear
Minna = Everyone
Miru = "To see/watch"
Mise - Store, shop
Mitai! = Look!
Mizu = Water
Mizugi – Women’s bathing suit.
Mizuumi – Lake
Mochiron = Of course, without a doubt, certainly
Modore, modote, modoru – To turn back, to return
Modosu – To restore, to put back.
Mokuteki - Purpose, goal, aim, objective, intention
Mokuyoubi = "Thursday" (the day of Jupiter, "Mokusei", planet of the tree)
Mondai – Problem, question
Mono –Thing, object
Monshou – Crest
Mottainai – Wasteful
Motte – Carrying, with, by, by means of, because, in view of
Mori = Forest
Moshi = If, supposing
Moshikashite – “what if”, Maybe
Moshi moshi = Hello, on the phone.
Moto – Original
Motomoto - Originally, by nature, from the start
Motto = More
Mou ii = A phrase, means "no more" or "that's enough!"
Moushi-wake (gozaimamen) – Apologies
Mucha – Over do, over work
Muda – Futile, uselessness
Mukae - Meeting, to pick up someone.
Mukashi – old
Mukatsuku - To feel irritated, to get pissed off
Mune – Chest, breast
Murasaki - Purple color, violet
Muri – Impossible, unreasonable, overdoing it.
Musekinin - Irresponsible person
Mushi –Insects, bugs
Mushi - Disregard, ignore
Musume – Daughter
Muteki (ni) - Invincible, unrivaled, matchless
Myouji – Last name, family name
Na, namae = Name
Naisho = Secret (between friends)
Naka = Inside
Naka – relation, relationship
Nakama – partner, associate, companion
Nakanai = Don't cry
Naka yoshi/yoku – Friendly, get along well.
Naku – To Cry
Nakunaru – To die, to disappear, to get lost
Nandemo – what ever, anything.
Nanimo = Nothing
Nanimokamo - Anything and everything
Naosu – To heal, to cure, to fix, to correct
Nantoka - Somehow
Nantonaku - Somehow, for some reason or another
Nara – If, in that case
Naruhodo – Said when someone comes to an understand of some thing, “I get it” “I see”
Nasakenai – Pathetic, miserable, pitiable, shameful
Natsu yasumi – Summer vacation
Naze = Extreme “why”
Nazo/Nazonazo- Riddle, puzzle
Ne = Right (as in "correct") or “hey!”
Nebokeru – To be half asleep
Negai - Desire, wish, request, prayer, petition
Neko = Cat (a cat says “nyaa nyaa”)
Nen – year
Nenrei – Age
Neru – To sleep
Nensei – Year in school; Ichi nensei – First year. Ni nensei – second year. Etc…
Netsu – Fever, temperature
Nezumi = Mouse, rat
Niau- to suit, to match: “That dress looks good on you”
Nichiyoubi = "Sunday" (the day of the Sun)
Nigeru, nigero = To flee, to escape, to run away
Nihon = Japan
Nihonjin = "Japanese (person)"
Niku = Meat
Nikuman = Pork buns
Nikushi(mi) – Hatred
Nin – Person
Ningen – Human
Ningyou- Doll, puppet, figure
Ninki - Popular
Nioi – Smell
Nira – leek, scallion
Nisemono – Imposter, fake, false
Niteru – Looks like, similar in looks
Nodo = Throat
Nomimono = "Drink(s)”
Nomu = "To drink"
Noni - Although, even though, in spite of
Noroi – a curse, cursed
Nozomi - Wish, desire
Nuigurumi – Stuffed animal/toy/doll
Obasan = Aunt
Obaasan = Grandmother
Oboeru, oboeta, oboetaru = To remember
Ocha = "Green tea"
Ochikomu/Ochikonde – To feel down (sad)
Ochitsuite- Calm down
Odorokasu- To surprised
Ohayou-gozaimasu = Good morning
Ohisashiburi = It's been a long time or "long time no see"
Oishii = Tasty, Delicious
Oshiire – Japanese style closet
Ojisan = Uncle, or "mister"
Ojiisan – Grandfather
Ooji-sama = Prince
Okaasan = Mother.
Okage(de) – Backing, assistance, thanks to you, because of, thanks to
Okami (sama) – Hostess, God
Okane - Money
Okashi = Candy, sweets
Okashii –Strange, weird, funny
Okaeri nasai = Welcome home
Okawari = Second helping
Okiru = To get up
Okyakusan = Guest
Omae = (Casual men's "you")
Omedetou- gozaimasu = Congratulations
Omedetou = Congratulations! An auspicious occasion!
Omiyage – Souvenir (Generally food)
Omoi - Thought, feelings, emotion
Omoidasu – to remember, to recall
Omoikiri – With all one's strength (heart)
Omoshiroi - Interesting, amusing
Onaji – Same identical, equal
Onaka ga suita – I’m hungry
Onegai-shimasu = Please, pretty please (formal)
Onee-san = Older sister
Oni - Ogre
Onigiri= Rice ball
Onii-Chan = Older brother
Onna – Woman
Ookami = Wolf
Oosawagi - Clamour, a loud uproar, noisy commotion
Ore = (Informal men's "I", very manly)
Oroka – Foolish
Osewaninarimasu – To be indebted
Osoraku - Perhaps
Otanjoubi- omedetou- gozaimasu =Happy birthday
Oto – Sound
Otoko = Man
Otousan = Father
Otouto = Younger brother
Ouen - Support, assistance, help, reinforcement, rooting
Ou-sama – king
Owari = "The end", finished, done
Oyabun – Boss, chief, head, The big guy in charge -^_^-
Oyaji = "Old man", as in your dad
Oyasumi nasai = Good night formally
Oyomesan - Wife
Pan = Bread
Peko-peko – To be very hungry
Pera-pera – Fluent
Pengin = Penguin
Pika-pika – Glittering, sparkling
Pittari - Exactly, neatly, perfectly
Pun – Minute
Raku - Comfort, ease
Rakuen – Paradise
Rakushou – Easy victory, “A piece of cake”
Rai shuu – Next week
Ra-shii – Like something, seems so, appears like
Rei – Spirit, soul, departed soul, ghost
Rei – Zero, naught
Rei - expression of gratitude “Rei o agemasu” – I give my thanks
Renraku - Communication, connection
Renshuu – Practice
Rippa –Splendid, fine, elegant, Grand
Riyuu – Reason
Roumanji – Arabic characters used to describe Japanese words, which follow the pronunciation pattern of Japanese.Ryou – Dormitory
Ryoukai - A message is received and understood-"Roger!"
Ryoushin – Both parents
Ryu = Dragon
Saboru- To be lazy, to be truant, to be idle
Sabori – Skipping class
Sai – Years old, age
Saifu – Purse, wallet
Saigo – Last
Saikyo – Strongest, best
Saiminjutsu – Hypnotism
Saisho – Beginning, first
Sagaru/Sagate - To fall, to fall back, stand back, decrease
Sagasu – To search
Sagate – Stay back, step back
Sakana = Fish, fish say “paku paku”
Saki – Ahead, first---- “Saki ni ikimas” = I’m going ahead first.
Sakki – Some time ago, before, that time.
Sakura = Cherry blossom
Sakusen – Strategy, plan
Sainou - Talent, ability
Saitei – The worst, last, scum
Sama = It is a suffix which is used to address someone of a high status whom you show a lot of respect for. Sama would also be used toward royalty, as in Van Sama that’s like “lord van” or a butler would say Matthew Sama it like “Master Matthew”
Samashite- Hang in there! “Me o samashite”
Samui – Cold (weather, feeling cold)
San =Mr. or Mrs. (suf) it is used with a person you don’t really know; or an older person whom you show respect. When meeting someone new in Japan it’s important to show respect, so using “san” even if you don’t know them well is good. When you get to know them better then you could call them “kun” “Chan” of maybe even there name with out a suffix but you would need permission.
Sansei - Approval, agreement, support, favor
Sassato – Quickly, hurry up and…
Sasuga – As expected
Sato - Village
Saware naide! – Don’t touch me!
Sawaru - To touch, to feel
Sayonara = Good bye, farewell
Sekai – World
Sei – holy
Seifuku - Uniform, regulation dress
Seigi - Justice, right, righteousness
Sei-ippai – To the fullest, with all one’s might.
Seikai – Correct, right
Seikou – Success
Sei no! – Heave ho!
Sei rei sama – Holy spirit
Seisei-doudou – Fair and square
Seito – Student (High school and below only)
Seiyuu = Voice actor/actress
Sekai – World
Seki – seat
Sekinin – Responsibility
Sekkaku - with trouble, at great pains, long-awaited, at great expense or trouble
Semai - Narrow, confined, small
Semete – At least
Sempai = An older person whom you look up to. (A role model) Senior (at work or school): superior, elder upperclassmen, predecessor. (Essentially someone who has studied or been there before you)
Senkou – Major (in collage)
Sensei = Teacher, doctor, or a person skilled in their field.
Senshi – Soldier, warrior
Serifu - Speech, words, one's lines, remarks
Shaberu = to talk, to speak, to chat, to chatter
Shachou - Company president, manager, director
Shi – city
Shiawase = happiness, good fortune
Shiburaku – A little while
Shigoto - Work, occupation, employment
Shi ka – Nothing but.
Shikari-shite = "hang in there! Or "snap out of it!”
Shikashi = However, but,
Shikata ga nai = "No help for it," "No way to avoid it," "Nothing left but to deal with it."
Shiken - Examination, exam, test
Shimei - Mission, errand
Shin-jin – New person
Shinjiru, shinji = to believe, to have faith, to trust
Shinka – Evolve
Shinpai = Worry, concern
Shinpan = Judgment
Shippo – Tail
Shiroi - white
Shiru – To know, to understand
Shishou – Master, teacher
Shita - Under, below, beneath
Shitsukoi - Insistent, obstinate, persistent, stubborn
Shitsumon – Question, inquiry
Shitsurei – Rude
Shitsureishimasu – Excuse me
Shiwaza – doing, act, action, deed
Shizuka - Quiet, peaceful
Shizukani stite – Be quiet
Shokuji – Meal
Shougakkou – Elementary school
Shougaku-sei - Elementary school student
Shou ga nai is an abbreviated form
Shoujo = Little girl, daughter, young lady
Shoukai – Introduction. “Shoukai suru” – To introduce (someone).
Shokuryou - food
Shounen = Young boy
Shourai – Future
Shugyou – Training, practicing martial arts
Shujutsu - Surgical operation
Shukudai – Homework
Shumi - Hobby, tastes, preference
Shuu – State
Shuu - week
Shuumastu - weekend
Shuuchuu - Concentration, focusing the mind
Soba(ni) - Near, close, beside
Soko = "There [near you]"
Sonna = “That can't be!" or "no way!"
Sono koto yori – More importantly, instead of that.
Sora – Sky
Sora mimi – Hearing things
Sore = "That [near you]" (near the person being spoken to)
Sore ni – besides, moreover
Soro soro = Soon
Soretomo – Or, or else
Saseru/Sasete – do cause someone to do/feel something.
Soshite – And
Soto - Outside
Sou desu ne = Yes it is; "sou sou" can mean "oh yeah", and "sou" on its own can also mean, "yes". Sou nan da is an informal way of saying it. "That's right." or "Let's see...”
Souji - Cleaning, sweeping
Sou ka = Is that so?
Sou ieba = Remembering a certain fact from memory. “Now that you mention it…”
Subarashii = Wonderful, splendid, magnificent
Subete – All, the whole, entirely
Sugi – Over doing it, too much, too.
Sugoi = Terrific, amazing, great, wow, terrible,
Sugoku – Very
Sugu – Straight
Suguni – Right away, immediately
Suiyoubi = "Wednesday" (the day of Mercury, "Suisei", planet of the water)
Suki = To like, to love, to be fond of
Sukinishite/sukinishiro – Do whatever you want.
Sukkari - All, completely, thoroughly
Sukoshi = A bit, few, slight, little, some, small quantity "to a small degree".
Sukui/sukue- Help, assist, aid.
Sukunakutomo – At least
Sumanai – “I’m sorry”, (guy’s word, Informal)
Sumimasen = “Excuse me!” “Excuse me
Suna – Sand
Sunao – Obedient, honest
Suru = To do (shimasu)
Suzu - Bell
Tabemono = "Food(s)"
Taberu = To eat
Tabun = Probably, perhaps
Tachi - Quality, nature (of person)
Tadaima = I'm home, I'm back
Tadashii – However, but
Tai – V.S., verses, ageist.
Taichou - Captain, leader, commanding officer
Taihen = Awful, dreadful, terrible
Taido – Attitude, manner
Taisetsu = Important
Taishita (koto) - Great, important, significant, a big deal, considerable
Takai = Tall, high, expensive
Tako – Octopus
Takuramu/takuranderu - To scheme, to plan, to play a trick
Takusan – many, a lot, much
Tama- A generic name for a cat.
Tamago = Egg
Tamani – Occasionally, once in while
Tamashii - Soul, spirit
Tamatama - Casually, unexpectedly, accidentally, by chance
Tameni - For the sake of, to one's advantage (good, benefit)
Tani – Valley
Tanomu – To request, to beg, to ask “Tanomi” – Request
Tansu – Chest of drawers
Taosu- To throw down, to beat, to bring down
Tashika - Certain, sure, definite
Tashikameru/tashikamete – To make certain, to confirm
Tashikani - Surely, certainly
Tasukeru, tasukete = To help, to save, to rescue, to give relief to
Tatakai - Fight, battle, struggle, conflict
Tatoe - If, even if, though, although
Tatoeba - For example
Tatsu/tate – to Stand
Te = hand
Tegami – Letter
Teki – Enemy, rival
Tekkiri – Thinking certainly that something was true but wasn’t.
Ten – Heaven, sky
Ten – Points, mark, score, grade
Tengoku - Heaven, Kingdom of Heaven, paradise
Tenkousei – Transfer student
Tennyo = Heavenly nymph, celestial maiden
Tensai – Genius
Tenshi = Angel
Tereru - To be shy, to feel awkward
Tezukuri – Handmade
To = And
Toboke - To play innocent, to feign ignorance
Tobokenaide – Don’t play dumb
Todana – Cabinet, cupboard
Toire - Toilet
Toki = Time, or occasion
Toki doki = Sometimes, from time to time
Tokorode – By the way
Tokubetsu – Special
Tomodachi = Friend
Tomeru – Stop
Tooi – Far away, distant
Tora = Tiger
Tori – Bird, Birds say “pii pii” or “piyo piyo”
Toriko – Captive, slave
Torimodosu - To take back, to regain
Totemo = Very
Totsuzen - Abruptly, suddenly, all at once
Touzen - Naturally, obviously
Tsubasa = Wings
Tsugi = Next
Tsukai – To use
Tsukamaeru/ tsukamaeta – To catch, caught, to hold on to
Tsukare - Tiredness, fatigue
Tsumaranai - Insignificant, boring
Tsumari – In other words
Tsumetai – Cold (object)
Tsumi – Sin, crime
Tsumori – Intension, plan, meaning
Tsurai – Painful, heart-breaking
Tsureru/tsurede – To bring with
Tsuyoi – Strong, powerful
Tsuzuku - To be continued
Tsuzukeru - To continue on
Uwasa –Rumor, gossip, common talk
Uchi = House
Ue - Above, over, on top of, up, upper part, summit.
Ugoku- To move, to stir, to shift, to shake
Uma = Horse
Umai = Yummy, delicious, good
Umarekawari - rebirth, reincarnation
Umarekawaru - To be born again, to make a fresh start in life
Umareru – To be born
Umeboshi - dried plum (pickled)
Un – Yes (informal)
Unmei = Fate
Uragiru - To betray, to turn traitor to, to double-cross
Urami - Grudge, malice, bitterness
Urayamashii – Envious
Ureshii = Happy, glad, pleasant.
Urusai = Noisy, loud, fussy. The command means, "Be quiet"
Usagi = Rabbit
Ushi = Cow
Uso = A lie, falsehood, incorrect fact.
Usotsuki- A person who lies, a liar.
Utsukushii – Beautiful
Uzai – Annoying
Wai! = Yay!
Waga – my, our
Wagamama – Selfishness
Wakaru/wakatta/wakarimashita = “To understand", "I understand, I know, I get it"
Wakaranai = "I don't understand, I don't get it”
Wakare - Parting, separation, farewell
Wake - Meaning, reason, circumstances
Wakuwaku - Tremble, get nervous, to be excited
Wana = Trap
Wanko- Puppy (This word is not used much, “Ko-inu” is more common)
Warai – smile, laugh
Ware - I, me, oneself, self
Wareware - We
Warui = Bad, inferior
Wasureru/wasereta- To forget, I got.
Watakushi = Formal "I"
Watashi = Standard "I"
Watasu/watase –To pass over, to hand over
Waza - Deed, act, work, performance
Wazato – On purpose
Wazawaza - Expressly, specially
Yabai = Miserable, dangerous, "This is bad!"
Yakamashii – Noisy, “shut up!”
Ya-kimochi – Jealous
Yakusoku = Promise, oath
Yama – Mountain
Yameru, yamete/yamero! = To stop, -----Stop!
Yappari = As expected (“Yahari” is formal)
Yarinaosu - To do over again, to redo, to start over
Yarou – Bad person, rascal, scoundrel, mischievous, no principles
Yaru – To do it
Yasashii - Nice, gentle
Yasui - Cheap, inexpensive
Yatta! ="Hooray!"" "I did it!" and "Yay!"
Yatto – At last, finally
Yesu sama – Jesus
Yokatta = An _expression of relief, "I'm so glad" or "thank goodness!"
Yokattara – If you’d like, if it’s OK
Yokei - Too much, unnecessary “yokei nokoto”
Yoku – Good, well, properly, skilled in, nicely, properly
Yokunai – Not good
Yonde – Read, speak aloud “yomu” – to read
Yorokobu/bi - Joy, delight, pleasure
Yorokonde = With pleasure
Yoroshii – good, all right, fine, good, very well
Yoru - Evening, night
Yoshi! = An exclamation used when readying oneself to take an important action. "Here I come!" "All right (, then)!" all right, let's go, let's do it!
You - Task, business, use
Youji - Tasks, things to do
Youkoso – welcome!
You se! – Stop!
Yowai – Weak
Yuki = Snow
Yudan - Negligence, careless ease, unprepared
Yudan shinaide – Don’t let your guard down, don’t be careless
Yuu – Evening
Yuube – Last night
Yuubinkyoku - Post office
Yuuenchi – Amusement park
Yuuhan – Evening meal (supper)
Yuujou – Friendship
Yuuki – Courage
Yuumei – Famous
Yuusha - Hero, the brave, man of velour, superior individual
Yuushou – Win, overall victory, championship
Yukuri – slowly, at ease
Yume = Dream
Yurusu = To permit, to allow, to approve, to forgive, pardon
Yusha – Hero
Yuurei – Ghost
Zannen – Too bad, bad luck, disappointment.
Zehi – Certainly, without fail
Zenzen = Wholly, entirely, completely, not at all (neg v)
Zettai! = Absolutely! Definitely! Surly!
1 = ichi 2 = ni 3 = san 4 = shi/yon 5 = go 6 = roku
7 = shichi/nana 8 = hatchi 9 = kyuu/ku 10 = juu
Numbers 11-19 are done by juu + [the one's digit 11: juuichi 12: juuni
Regarding umbers greater than 19, it's the number in the tens digit, then "juu",
Followed by the next number; 20 = nijuu